Allo' Expat Kuwait - Connecting Expats in Kuwait
Main Homepage
Allo' Expat Kuwait Logo


 
Check our Rates
   Information Center Kuwait
Kuwait General Information
 
History of Kuwait
Kuwait Culture
Kuwait Cuisine
Kuwait Geography
Kuwait Population
Kuwait Government
Kuwait Economy
Kuwait Communications
Kuwait Transportations
Kuwait Military
Kuwait Transnational Issues
Kuwait Healthcare
Kuwait People, Language & Religion
Kuwait Education
Kuwait Environmental Issues
Kuwait Flora & Fauna
Kuwait Expatriates Handbook
Kuwait and Foreign Government
Kuwait General Listings
Kuwait Useful Tips
Kuwait Education & Medical
Kuwait Travel & Tourism Info
Kuwait Lifestyle & Leisure
Kuwait Business Matters
  Sponsored Links


Check our Rates
 

Kuwait Geography
 
 
 

General

Kuwait is situated at the western head of the Persian (or Arabian) Gulf. Its area is estimated at 17,820 km² (6,880 mi²). Comparatively, the area occupied by Kuwait is slightly bigger than Swaziland, or slightly smaller than the state of New Jersey. Kuwait extends 205 km (127 mi) southeast to northwest, and 176 km (109 mi) northeast to southwest. Islands that form part of Kuwait include Faylakah (an archaeological site that is the only inhabited island), Bubiyan, Maskan, 'Auha, Al-Warbah, Al-Kubr, Umm al-Maradim, Umm al-Nami, and Qaruh. Bounded on the east by the Persian Gulf, on the south and west by Saudi Arabia, and on the northwest and north by Iraq, Kuwait has a total land boundary length of 462 km (287 mi) and a coastline of 499 km (310 mi).

Kuwait's boundary with Iraq remains unsettled. Following Kuwait's declaration of independence in June 1961, the emir requested assistance from the United Kingdom to ward off an Iraqi invasion; the British forces were later replaced by troops from Arab League states. The United Nations upheld Kuwait's sovereignty, and in October 1963, Iraq formally recognised Kuwait's independence. In March 1973, there were armed clashes on the Iraq–Kuwait border, but a settlement was announced in June 1975; negotiations to demarcate the border have continued intermittently. Again in August 1990, Iraq invaded Kuwait, asserting their right to reclaim it as their territory. US-led international forces responded with a massive air attack in January 1991, and Iraq was defeated. Some Iraqi officials continued to assert their claim to Kuwait, and relations between the two countries remained tense. On 27 May 1993, the UN Security Council reaffirmed the established border between the two nations. In 1994, Iraq formally accepted the UN-demarcated border but continues to periodically challenge the rhetoric of the agreement. Kuwait's capital, Kuwait City, is located on the Persian Gulf coast.

Kuwait consists almost entirely of flat rolling desert and mud flats. There is a 1,137-m (450-ft) ridge at Mina' al-Ahmadi and a 290-m (951-ft) prominence in the southwest corner. There are no permanent rivers or lakes, but there are some desert wadis that collect water during the rains.

During the summer, which lasts roughly from May to October, the air generally is dry, but southeasterly winds often raise day-time humidity to 90% for a few weeks in August or September. Between November and April, the climate is pleasant, with cool nights and warm sunny days. In December and January, night temperatures occasionally touch the freezing point. Summer temperatures range from 29°C (84°F) in the morning to more than 49°C (120°F) in the shade at noon. Frost, almost unknown on the coast, is common in the interior. Annual rainfall, which averages less than 25 cm (10 in), comes in the form of showers or storms between October and April. Cloudbursts have amounted to as much as 6.4 cm (2.5 in) of rain in one day, and can heavily damage roads and houses. The prevailing northwest wind (shamal) is a cooling breeze in summer.

Overview

Location : Middle East, bordering the Persian Gulf, between Iraq and Saudi Arabia
Geographic coordinates : 29 30 N, 45 45 E
Map references : Middle East
Area : total: 17,818 sq km

land: 17,818 sq km

water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative : Slightly bigger than Swaziland, or slightly smaller than New Jersey
Land boundaries : total: 462 km

border countries: Iraq 240 km, Saudi Arabia 222 km
Coastline : 499 km
Maritime claims : territorial sea: 12 nm
Climate : dry desert; intensely hot summers; short, cool winters
Terrain : flat to slightly undulating desert plain
Elevation extremes : lowest point: Persian Gulf 0 m

highest point: unnamed elevation 306 m
Natural resources : petroleum, fish, shrimp, natural gas
Land use : arable land: 0.84%

permanent crops: 0.17%

other: 98.99% (2005)
Irrigated land : 100 sq km (2003)
Total renewable water resources : 0.02 cu km (1997)
Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural) : total: 0.44 cu km/yr (45%/2%/52%)

per capita: 164 cu m/yr (2000)
Natural hazards : sudden cloudbursts are common from October to April and bring heavy rain, which can damage roads and houses; sandstorms and dust storms occur throughout the year but are most common between March and August
Environment - current issues : limited natural freshwater resources; some of world's largest and most sophisticated desalination facilities provide much of the water; air and water pollution; desertification
Environment - international agreements : party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection

signed, but not ratified: Marine Dumping
Geography - note : strategic location at head of Persian Gulf
 

 
 


 


 
 

copyrights © AlloExpat.com
2019 | Policy